Skip to Main Content
It looks like you're using Internet Explorer 11 or older. This website works best with modern browsers such as the latest versions of Chrome, Firefox, Safari, and Edge. If you continue with this browser, you may see unexpected results.

SPEECH 101: Fundamentals of Speech Communication: Tips on Evaluating Sources

CRAAP Test

Question: How do you know whether what you are reading, whether in a book, article, or on the internet or social media, is trustworthy information?  

Answer: Does it pass the CRAAP test?  If so, it is likely trustworthy information.

CURRENCY: When was it published? Is it current for the topic, or is it outdated information?

RELEVANCY: Is this relevant for your research needs?

AUTHORITY: Who wrote this/who is the author?  Do they have any sort of authority on the topic?

ACCURACY: Is the information accurate, factual, and true?

PURPOSE: What is the reason this information was published?  Is there a purpose/bias behind the publication that could skew the information?

How to Spot Fake News

IFLA