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APA Style: doi

DOI

doi

This information advises on when it is appropriate to not incluede a doi and what to do concerning doi in a variety of different circumstances.

Crossref

CrossRef

CrossRef

CrossRef is an association of scholarly publishers that develops shared infrastructure to support more effective scholarly communications. Our citation-linking network today covers over 60 million journal articles and other content items (books chapters, data, theses, technical reports) from thousands of scholarly and professional publishers around the globe.

Digital Object Identifier (doi)

This image links to the wikipedia article for tertiary sources

digital object identifier (DOI) is a character string (a "digital identifier") used to uniquely identify an object such as an electronic documentMetadata about the object is stored in association with the DOI name and this metadata may include a location, such as a URL, where the object can be found. The DOI for a document is permanent, whereas its location and other metadata may change. Referring to an online document by its DOI provides more stable linking than simply referring to it by its URL, because if its URL changes, the publisher need only update the metadata for the DOI to link to the new URL.[1][2][3]


  1. ^ Witten, Ian H., David Bainbridge and David M. Nichols (2010). How to Build a Digital Library (2nd ed.). Amsterdam; Boston: Morgan Kaufmann. pp. 352–253. ISBN 978-0-12-374857-7.
  2. Jump up^ Langston, Marc; Tyler, James (2004). "Linking to journal articles in an online teaching environment: The persistent link, DOI, and OpenURL". The Internet and Higher Education 7 (1): 51–58.doi:10.1016/j.iheduc.2003.11.004.
  3. Jump up^ "How the 'Digital Object Identifier' works"BusinessWeek(BusinessWeek). 2001-07-23. Retrieved 2010-04-20. "Assuming the publishers do their job of maintaining the databases, these centralized references, unlike current Web links, should never become outdated or broken."

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